3272 Holy Spirit, in OT

3272 Holy Spirit, in OT

The OT portrays the Holy Spirit as being active in creation, in equipping individuals for skilled tasks and in inspiring prophecy and revelation.

The Holy Spirit as the presence of God

He is active in creation Ge 1:2 See also Job 33:4; Ps 104:30-

He is present everywhere Ps 139:7

His sovereignty Isa 34:16 See also Eze 36:27; Eze 37:14

All life is dependent on the Spirit Job 34:14-15 NIV footnote at verse 14. See also Ge 6:3

He is present with God’s people Isa 63:11-14 See also Ne 9:20; Hag 2:5

The Holy Spirit equips individuals

For leadership Jdg 3:10 See also Nu 11:17,25-29 The gift of prophecy was given temporarily to the elders in order to establish them as leaders of God’s people; Nu 27:18 fn; Dt 34:9 fn; Jdg 6:34; Jdg 11:29; Jdg 13:25; 1Sa 10:6; 1Sa 11:6; 1Sa 16:13

In bringing revelation Ge 41:38-39 See also Da 4:8-9,18; Da 5:11,14

By empowering the prophet Eze 2:2; Eze 3:12,14,24; Eze 8:3; Eze 11:24; Eze 43:5

By giving special strength Jdg 14:6,19; Jdg 15:14

By guidance Ps 143:10

In planning 1Ch 28:12

In craftsmanship Ex 31:3-5; Ex 35:31-35

In building Zec 4:6

The Holy Spirit inspires

Prophecy 2Ch 24:20 See also Nu 24:2; 1Sa 10:6,10; 1Sa 19:20,23; 2Ch 15:1; 2Ch 20:14; Isa 48:16; Eze 11:5; Mic 3:8; 2Pe 1:21

Teaching Ne 9:20,30

Praise 2Sa 23:1-2

A declaration of allegiance 1Ch 12:18

Examples of the awareness of the Holy Spirit’s activity

1Ki 18:12; 2Ki 2:16

Examples of grieving the Holy Spirit

Isa 63:10 See also Ge 6:3; 1Sa 16:14; Ps 51:11; Ps 106:33-48; Isa 30:1; Mic 2:7; Zec 7:12

Promises of the Holy Spirit for the future

The Spirit and the Messiah Isa 11:2 See also Isa 42:1; Isa 61:1

The outpouring of the Spirit Joel 2:28-29 See also Isa 32:15; Isa 44:3; Isa 59:21; Eze 36:27; Eze 37:14; Eze 39:29

See also

1427prophecy
1443revelation, OT
2366Christ, prophecies concerning
3015Holy Spirit, divinity
3035Holy Spirit, presence of
3040Holy Spirit, promise of
3045Holy Spirit, sovereignty
3140Holy Spirit, teacher
3218Holy Spirit & praise
3266Holy Spirit in creation
3284Holy Spirit, resisting
3290Holy Spirit, life-giver

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