Grand, celebratory meals consisting usually of rich food and flowing wine. Banquets usually accompanied weddings, religious festivals and other celebrations. Prophecies of the Messianic age refer to a banquet to which the righteous will be invited.
Characteristics of banquets
Occasions for holding banquets
To celebrate weddings Mt 22:2 See also Ge 29:21-22 a feast celebrates Jacob’s wedding; Jdg 14:10 Samson gives a wedding feast; Est 2:18 Xerxes celebrates Esther’s choice as queen with a banquet; Mt 25:10; Lk 12:36; Jn 2:8-9; Rev 19:9 the marriage supper of the Lamb
To celebrate other events Ge 21:8 Abraham celebrates Isaac’s weaning. Jews celebrate their deliverance from Haman in what became the Feast of Purim: Est 8:17; Est 9:17-19
Lk 15:23 The father celebrates the prodigal son’s return.
Activities at banquets
Further examples of banquets
Ge 26:30 Isaac holds a feast for Abimelech; Ge 43:34 Joseph feasts with his brothers; 2Sa 3:20 David holds a feast for Abner; 1Ki 3:15 Solomon gives a feast for all his court. Xerxes gives a banquet for his nobles and officials: Est 1:3,5
Est 1:9 Queen Vashti holds a banquet for the women of the palace. Esther prepares banquets for the king and Haman: Est 5:4-5,8
Da 5:1-2 Belshazzar has a banquet for 1,000 nobles; Lk 5:29 pp Mt 9:10 Levi holds a banquet for Jesus Christ; Lk 14:1 Jesus Christ is the guest of a leading Pharisee.
An invitation to a banquet seen as a sign of God’s grace
The Messianic banquet
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