7135 Israel, as the people of God
God called Israel out of Egypt to be his own treasured possession and his covenant faithfulness with them is maintained, despite their persistent disobedience.
God’s election of Israel
God enters into a special covenant relationship with Israel Ex 24:3-8
Israel’s disobedience to the covenant
God’s promise to restore Israel
Jesus Christ, the Saviour of Israel
Jesus accepts the title “Christ” (Messiah), God’s anointed deliverer for Israel Mt 16:16-17 pp Mk 8:29 pp Lk 9:20 Although Jesus accepted the title “Messiah” (Christ), he did not fulfil contemporary Israelite hopes of a political deliverer.
Jesus Christ declares to Israel the good news of God’s reign Mk 1:14-15 Jesus Christ takes up Isaiah’s message of good news, that God is coming in sovereign power to restore Israel (see Isa 40:9-10, 52:7). See also Mt 4:23; Mt 9:35; Lk 8:1
Israel’s rejection of Jesus Christ
God’s faithfulness to Israel maintained
Membership of the true Israel is based on God’s election, not merely on physical descent from Abraham Ro 9:6-18
A remnant of Israel has been elected by grace Ro 11:1-12
Paul declares that “all Israel” will be saved Isa 59:20-21; Ro 11:25-32 The phrase “all Israel” is interpreted as either: (1) the total number of the elect (either Jews, or Jews and Gentiles) of every generation, or (2) the great majority of Jews of the final generation who will be saved when Christ returns.
The new Israel
The church described as the 12 tribes of Israel Jas 1:1 See also Rev 7:4-8 Some see this as a reference to members of actual Jewish tribes, but others see it as symbolic of all the faithful believers who live through the time of tribulation; Rev 21:12 The number 12 emphasises the continuity of the NT church and the OT people of God.
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