Anything offered up to God by human beings, including sacrificial offerings. A distinction can be made between offerings which involve the taking of life and other gifts made to God.
Sacrificial offerings as a sign of gratitude or repentance
Tithes were a regular form of offering
Part of every harvest was given as a freewill offering to GodAs firstfruits: Ex 22:29; Nu 18:12; Dt 18:4; Ne 10:35
Lev 19:23-25 Fruit from a tree could not be eaten until the fifth year; Lev 23:38 Extra gifts were offered on the Sabbath.
Offerings and the tabernacle
At its dedication See also Nu 7:2-3
Offerings and Solomon’s temple
David’s personal gift 1Ch 29:2-5
Offerings and the second temple
Offerings and Herod’s temple
Some offerings are not acceptable
Mt 5:23-24 Offerings are unacceptable unless the worshipper is reconciled to God. See also Ge 4:3-5 Cain’s offering was not accepted on account of his incorrect attitude. Boasting about offerings makes them unacceptable: Am 4:4-5; Lk 18:12
Mt 23:23 pp Lk 11:42 Meticulous tithing, without mercy or justice, is unacceptable.
Offerings in the future kingdom
Gifts and offerings in the NT
To support God’s servants Php 4:10-18
Offerings of praise
God’s people are themselves an offering to God
Offerings as “Corban”
Mk 7:9-13 “Corban” is a technical Jewish religious term, meaning “something dedicated, especially on oath”. What Jesus Christ says implies that once the children had donated the amount they would have spent on their ageing parents for religious purposes, they were no longer responsible for their upkeep.