7505 Jews, the

7505 Jews, the

A post-exilic designation for descendants of the people from the kingdom of Judah and also for adherents to their religion from other nations. The term is used extensively in the NT where it has a variety of nuances.

Early use of the term “Jews”

Pre-exilic and exilic use Jer 40:11-12 See also Jer 32:12; Jer 34:8-9; Jer 38:19; Jer 40:15; Jer 41:3; Jer 43:8-9; Jer 44:1,26-27; Jer 52:28-30; Da 3:8-12

Used of the citizens of the province of Judah Ezr 5:1 See also Ezr 4:23; Ezr 5:5; Ezr 6:7-8,14; Ne 2:16; Ne 4:1-2,12; Ne 5:6-8,17; Ne 6:5-7; Zec 8:23

Used of the descendants of the exiles from the southern kingdom Est 2:5 See also Ezr 4:11-12; Ezr 7:12-20; Est 3:1-6,13; Est 4:3,12-14; Est 6:12-13; Est 8:5-13; Est 9:1-3,30-31; Est 10:3

NT use of the term “Jews”

Jewish people in general Mk 7:3 See also Mt 28:15; Lk 7:3; Jn 2:6; Jn 4:9,19-22; Jn 8:31-32; Jn 11:18-19,31-33,45; Jn 12:9-11; Jn 18:20

Those Jewish leaders who were hostile to Jesus Christ Jn 19:31 See also Jn 2:18-20; Jn 5:1-18; Jn 6:35-42; Jn 7:1,11-15; Jn 8:48-59; Jn 9:1-34; Jn 10:22-33; Jn 18:12-14,28-31; Jn 19:38; Jn 20:19

Jesus Christ as “king of the Jews”

Mt 27:37 pp Mk 15:26 pp Lk 23:38 pp Jn 19:19-21 See also Mt 2:1-2; Mt 27:11 pp Mk 15:2 pp Jn 18:33; Mt 27:27-31 pp Mk 15:16-20; Jn 19:1-6; Mk 15:6-14 pp Jn 18:38-40

The gospel first preached to the Jews

Ac 11:19; Ro 10:16-21 See also Ac 2:1-41; Ac 10:23-48; Ac 13:14-43; Ro 1:16; Ro 15:8-9; Gal 2:7-9

Opposition of certain Jews to the gospel

Ac 20:19 See also Ac 6:8-14; Ac 9:23-25,28-30; Ac 12:1-3; Ac 13:44-45,49-50; Ac 14:1-6,19; Ac 17:4-9,13; Ac 18:1-6,12-17; Ac 20:3; 2Co 11:23-25; Ac 21:27-36; Ac 23:12-15; Ac 24:1-9; Ac 25:1-7; Ac 26:19-21

Believers described as Jews and Gentiles

Ac 6:1 See also Ac 21:20-21,39; Ac 22:1-3; Ro 9:23-24; 1Co 1:22-24; 1Co 12:13

Jews and Gentiles equal in Christ

Ro 11:25-32; Gal 3:26-29 See also Ro 3:27-30; Ro 10:12-13; 1Co 12:12-13; Col 3:11

Jews and Gentiles equally in need of salvation

Ro 3:1-20

See also

2312Christ as king
5107Paul
5214attack
5279crowds
7105believers
7135Israel, people of God
7245Judah, kingdom of
7510Gentiles
8787opposition to God
8794persecution

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