2 And he said, “The Lord thunders and roars from Zion [in judgment] And utters His voice from Jerusalem; Then the pastures of the shepherds mourn, And the summit of [Mount] Carmel dries up [because of God’s judgment].”
3 Thus says the Lord, “For three transgressions of Damascus and for four (multiplied delinquencies) I shall not reverse its punishment or revoke My word concerning it, Because they have threshed Gilead [east of the Jordan River] with sharp iron sledges [having spikes that crushed and shredded]. 4 “So I will send a fire [of war, conquest, and destruction] upon the house of [a]Hazael, And it shall devour the palaces and strongholds of [b]Ben-hadad (Hazael’s son).
Amos 1:4Hazael ruled from Damascus (842-796 b.c.) as king of Aram (Syria). He was an important official in the court of Hadadezer whom he assassinated and then succeeded.
Amos 1:4Ben-hadad succeeded his father and ruled from 796-775 b.c.
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