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Hosea 10 Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Vine and the Calf

10 Israel is a lush[a] vine;
it yields fruit for itself.
The more his fruit increased,
the more he increased the altars.
The better his land produced,
the better they made the sacred pillars.
Their hearts are devious;[b]
now they must bear their guilt.
The Lord will break down their altars
and demolish their sacred pillars.
In fact, they are now saying,
“We have no king!
For we do not fear the Lord.
What can a king do for us?”
They speak mere words,
taking false oaths while making covenants.
So lawsuits break out
like poisonous weeds in the furrows of a field.

The residents of Samaria will have anxiety
over the calf of Beth-aven.
Indeed, its idolatrous priests rejoiced over it;
the people will mourn over it,
over its glory.
It will certainly go into exile.
The calf itself will be taken to Assyria
as an offering to the great king.[c]
Ephraim will experience shame;
Israel will be ashamed of its counsel.
Samaria’s king will disappear[d]
like foam[e] on the surface of the water.
The high places of Aven, the sin of Israel,
will be destroyed;
thorns and thistles will grow over their altars.
They will say to the mountains, “Cover us!”
and to the hills, “Fall on us!”

Israel’s Defeat because of Sin

Israel, you have sinned
since the days of Gibeah;
they have taken their stand there.
Will not war against the unjust
overtake them in Gibeah?
10 I will discipline them at my discretion;
nations will be gathered against them
to put them in bondage[f]
for their double iniquity.

11 Ephraim is a well-trained calf
that loves to thresh,
but I will place a yoke on[g] her fine neck.
I will harness Ephraim;
Judah will plow;
Jacob will do the final plowing.
12 Sow righteousness for yourselves
and reap faithful love;
break up your unplowed ground.
It is time to seek the Lord
until he comes and sends righteousness
on you like the rain.

13 You have plowed wickedness and reaped injustice;
you have eaten the fruit of lies.
Because you have trusted in your own way[h]
and in your large number of soldiers,
14 the roar of battle will rise against your people,
and all your fortifications will be demolished
in a day of war,
like Shalman’s destruction of Beth-arbel.
Mothers will be dashed to pieces
along with their children.
15 So it will be done to you, Bethel,
because of your extreme evil.
At dawn the king of Israel will be totally destroyed.


  1. 10:1 Or ravaged
  2. 10:2 Or divided
  3. 10:6 Or to King Yareb
  4. 10:7 Or will be cut off
  5. 10:7 Or a stick
  6. 10:10 LXX, Syr, Vg read against them when they are disciplined
  7. 10:11 Lit will pass over
  8. 10:13 LXX reads your chariots
Christian Standard Bible (CSB)

The Christian Standard Bible. Copyright © 2017 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Christian Standard Bible®, and CSB® are federally registered trademarks of Holman Bible Publishers, all rights reserved.

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