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Hebrews 3 The Passion Translation (TPT)

Jesus, Greater than Moses

And so, dear brothers and sisters, you are now made holy, and each of you is invited to the feast[a] of your heavenly calling.[b] So fasten your thoughts fully onto Jesus,[c] whom we embrace[d] as our Apostle and King-Priest.[e] For he was faithful to the Father who appointed him, in the same way that Moses was a model of faithfulness in what was entrusted to him.[f] But Jesus is worthy to receive a much greater glory than Moses, for the one who builds a house deserves to be honored more than the house he builds. Every house is built by someone, but God is the Designer and Builder of all things.

Indeed, Moses served God faithfully in all he gave him to do.[g] His work prophetically illustrates[h] things that would later be spoken and fulfilled.[i] But Christ is more than a Servant, he was faithful as the Son in charge of God’s house. And now we are part of his house if we continue courageously to hold firmly to our bold confidence and our victorious hope.[j]

Secrets from Psalm 95

This is why the Holy Spirit says,[k]

“If only you would listen to his voice this day![l]
Don’t make him[m] angry by hardening your hearts,
    like your ancestors did during the days of their rebellion,[n]
    when they were tested in the wilderness.
There your fathers tested me and tried my patience[o]
    even though they saw my miracles[p] for forty years
    they still doubted me![q]
10 This ignited my anger with that generation
    and I said about them, ‘They wander in their hearts
    just like they do with their feet,
    and they refuse to learn my ways.’
11 My heart grieved[r] over them so I decreed:
    ‘They will never enter into the calming rest of my Spirit!’ ”

12 So search your hearts every day,[s] my brothers and sisters, and make sure that none of you has evil or unbelief hiding within you. For it will lead you astray,[t] and make you unresponsive to the living God. 13 This is the time to encourage[u] each other to never be stubborn or hardened by sin’s deceitfulness.[v] 14 For we are mingled with the Messiah,[w] if we will continue unshaken in this confident assurance[x] from the beginning until the end.

15 For again, the Scriptures say,[y]

If only today you would listen to his voice.
    Don’t make him angry[z] by hardening your hearts,
    as you did in the wilderness rebellion.

16 The same people who were delivered from bondage and brought out of Egypt by Moses, were the ones who heard and still rebelled. 17 They grieved God for forty years[aa] by sinning in their unbelief, until they dropped dead in the desert. 18 So God swore an oath that they would never enter into his calming place of rest all because they disobeyed him. 19 It is clear that they could not enter into their inheritance because they wrapped their hearts in unbelief.

Footnotes:

  1. Hebrews 3:1 Or “sharers of the feast.”
  2. Hebrews 3:1 Or “you participate as partners in the heavenly calling.” The Greek phrase, “heavenly calling” implies an invitation to a celestial feast. It could also be translated “you are called to share the life of heaven.” This calling originates in heaven and draws us into heaven. However, in the Aramaic this phrase can be translated “called with a calling [from heaven],” which is the Aramaic title of the third book of the Torah, Leviticus, and refers to the calling of the Levites as priests.
  3. Hebrews 3:1 Or “you have discovered this Jesus.” The Aramaic can be translated “Jesus, the Messiah.”
  4. Hebrews 3:1 Or “with whom is our legally binding agreement.”
  5. Hebrews 3:1 God joins the apostolic and priestly ministries together in Christ. An apostle will always release God’s people into their priestly calling of entering into the holy of holies without going through a system, a church or a person. The word “King-Priest” is from the Aramaic, which uses a word for a priest not of the Levitical order. Jesus could not be a “High Priest” for he was not born in the tribe of Levi, or a descendant of Aaron, but was of the tribe of Judah. So the word here for priest is not, cohen, but the Aramaic word, kumrea, the word used for Jethro and Melchizedek. See Gen. 14:18; Ex. 2:16; 3:1; 18:1.
  6. Hebrews 3:2 Or “who was faithful in all his house.” See Num. 12:7.
  7. Hebrews 3:5 Or “in all God’s house.”
  8. Hebrews 3:5 Or “to testify.” The Aramaic can be translated “he believed all the evidence in the house” (or “tabernacle”). That is, Moses saw and believed that the tabernacle and all its furnishings were an illustration of something greater that God would unveil later on.
  9. Hebrews 3:5 Or “to give testimony to things that would be spoken.”
  10. Hebrews 3:6 As translated from the Aramaic. The Greek is “the pride [rejoicing] of our hope.”
  11. Hebrews 3:7 See Ps. 95:7-11. Notice the truth that the Bible is the Holy Spirit of God speaking to us.
  12. Hebrews 3:7 The Aramaic can be translated “the echo of his voice.” See also v. 15.
  13. Hebrews 3:8 As translated from the Aramaic.
  14. Hebrews 3:8 The Aramaic could be translated “just like the bitterness at Marah.”
  15. Hebrews 3:9 This refers to incidents that took place at Massah [testing] and Meribah [strife]. See Ex. 17:7; Num. 20:13. The Septuagint, instead of transliterating those names, translates their meanings and includes them here in the text. A Hebrew reader would have no difficulty in understanding the obvious inference of the rebellion that took place in the desert.
  16. Hebrews 3:9 Or “works,” however, these works are miracles, when considering the plagues of Egypt, the Passover miracle, the parting of the Red Sea, the manna falling from the sky, water from the rock, etc.
  17. Hebrews 3:9 The Greek is taken from the Septuagint and is literally “There they tested me by trial.” That is, they continually doubted God’s faithfulness to them. We must never doubt God, even in a season of difficulty.
  18. Hebrews 3:11 The Greek word orge is used for any emotion of extreme passion, usually anger.
  19. Hebrews 3:12 As translated from the Aramaic. The Greek is “Take care.”
  20. Hebrews 3:12 Or “rebel against.”
  21. Hebrews 3:13 Or “warn.”
  22. Hebrews 3:13 The Aramaic can be translated “the sin of the deceiver.” The deceiver could be referring to the devil, or to our own ability to be self-deceived.
  23. Hebrews 3:14 Or “We are all business partners of Christ.” The Aramaic can be translated “We are all sewn [together] with Christ.”
  24. Hebrews 3:14 The Aramaic can be translated “we are joined [leavened] in the resurrection through him.”
  25. Hebrews 3:15 See Ps. 95:7-8.
  26. Hebrews 3:15 As translated from the Aramaic.
  27. Hebrews 3:17 See Num. 14:33-34.
The Passion Translation (TPT)

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